About Saudi Arabia

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Introduction

Saudi Arabia extends to approximately 2,250,000 square kilometers (868,730 square miles) between the Arabian Introduction to Saudi Arabia - Al Shitaiwi Tours Gulf on the east and the Red Sea on the west. The Saudi Arabia is the largest Arab country of the Middle East. It is bordered by Jordan and Iraq on the north and northeast, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates on the east, Oman on the southeast, and Yemen on the south. The Arab Gulf lies to the northeast and the Red Sea to its west. The origins of Saudi Arabia go back as far as 1744 years with the establishment of the first Saudi State. Saudi Arabia has played a significant role in the international trade for centuries due to its strategic location which has facilitated the trade between India, China and Europe. Today, travelers to Saudi Arabia can experience both new and old civilizations side by side.

The Islamic Empire

Less than 100 years after the birth of Islam, the Islamic Empire extended from Spain to parts of Indian The Islamic Empire - Saudi Arabia - Al Shitaiwi Tours subcontinent and China. Also, a large number of pilgrims began regularly visiting the peninsula, with some settling in the two holy cities of Makkah and Madinah. These pilgrims facilitated the exchange of ideas and cultures between the people of the peninsula and other civilizations of the Arab and Muslim worlds. The emergence of Arabic as the language of international learning was another major factor in the cultural development of the Arabian Peninsula. The Muslim world became a center for learning and scientific advances during what is known as the “Golden Age.” Muslim scholars made major contributions in many fields, including Medicine, Biology, Philosophy, Astronomy, Arts and Literature.

Culture

The culture of Saudi Arabia is defined by its Islamic heritage, its historical role as an ancient trade centre, and its Bedouin Saudi Culture - Al Shitaiwi Tours traditions. The Saudi society has evolved over the years, their values and traditions from customs, hospitality to their style of dressing, are adapting with modernization. Folk Music, Dance and Poetry One of Saudi Arabia’s most compelling folk rituals is the “Al Ardha”, the country’s national dance. This sword dance is based on ancient Bedouin traditions: drummers beat out a rhythm and a poet chants verses while sword-carrying men dance shoulder to shoulder.

Climate

Saudi Arabia’s climate differs from one region to another due to its different terrain. In general, the climate Climate - Saudi Arabia - Al Shitaiwi Tours is continental hot summer, cold winter, and its rainfall season is in winter. The climate moderates on the western and south-western highlands. As for the central areas, it has hot and dry summer, and winter is cool and dry. The temperature and humidity rise in the coast, and it rains in winter and spring.

Language

Arabic is one of the oldest groups of languages in the world and official language of Saudi Arabia. The inhabitants Language - Saudi Arabia - Al Shitaiwi Tours of the Arabian Peninsula were the first to use the Arabic language in pre-Islamic times. With the expansion of Islam and Islamic culture, the Arabic language spread north, east and west. The Arabic language is today one of the world’s most widely spoken languages. There are some 200 million Arabic speakers in more than 20 countries. Arabic is the official language of many Arab nations in the Middle East and northern Africa, including the Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Syria and Lebanon.

Sports and Recreation

Popular types of leisure activities include horse or camel racing and falconry are popular in Saudi Arabia. Sports, adventure Saudi Sports and Recreation - Al Shitaiwi Tours and recreation in Saudi Arabia is an indispensable part of the day-to-day lifestyle of the Saudi Arabians. Some of these sports are included in Saudi Arabia’s famous festivals like the annual Jenadriyah National Culture and Heritage Festival Saudi camel race - Al Shitaiwi Tours which includes camel racing, Falconry, Soccer etc.

Major Cities

The major and popular cities of Saudi Arabia includes Makkah Al Mukarrama, Madinah Al Munawwara, Riyadh, Jeddah, Dhahran, Jubail and Yanbu.

The Holy City of Makkah, which lies inland 73 kilometers east of Jeddah, is the place where the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), was born. Major Cities - Saudi Arabia - Al Shitaiwi Tours Makkah is the holiest city on earth to Muslims. All Muslims who are not prevented by person - al circumstance perform the Hajj, the pilgrimage to Makkah. Thus, each year the Holy City of Makkah is host to more than two million pilgrims from all over the world. The Holy Mosque in Makkah houses the Ka’aba, in the corner of which is set the seven circumambulations of the Holy Mosque which every pilgrim must complete.

The Holy City of Madinah, which lies 447 kilometers north of the Holy City of Makkah, is the second holiest city in Islam. It was to Madinah that the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) and his followers departed in 622 AD. It was in Madinah that the Islamic era began. Madinah is then the city of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him). As the place in which the Holy Qur’an was compiled and from which the Prophet’s companions administered the affairs of the Muslim community, it was the seat of the first Islamic state. Madinah is also the place in which the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), was lay to rest.

Tourism in Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is the country with beauty and diversity of its most fascinating places. This is the land of generosity and kindness, Tourism in Saudi Arabia - Al Shitaiwi Tours and its experiences, its people through several amazing tourism trips that place Saudi Arabia right into best tourist places in the world Saudi Tourism incldue but not limited to travel to the desert, climb the mountains, catch fish, dive into the sea of beauty and surprises, experience the history and civilizations of different eras, taste the delicious cuisine, and enjoy the most beautiful folk dances and art.

Most popular areas for tourism are Jazan, Eastern Province, Tabouk Province, Al Jouf, Al Qaseem / Qassim, Hail, Najran, Aseer region, and Baha region.