MORNING CITY TOUR OF RIYADH HISTORY
- 08:00 Hours: Pick up from Al Faisaliah Hotel and proceed for visit to Kingdom
- 09:00 Hours: Proceed for visit to Historical city of Diriyyah.
- 10:00 Hours: Drive to Masmak Fort.
- 10:30 Hours: Arrive and visit Masmak Fort followed by visit to Dira Souq.
- 11:30 Hours: Proceed for visit to King Abdulaziz Historical Center (Nationa Museum).
- 12:00 hours: Arrive and visit National Museum
- 13:00 hours: Drive back to Al Faisaliah Hotel.
The old city of Diriyyah is located about 20km from the main city center of Riyadh. It is one of the most important archaeological sites from where the history of Saudi Dynasty begins. It is situated in the eastern part of the so-called Najd area in the valley known as Wadi Hanifa. The meaning of Najid is the high plateau, which forms the central part of Saudi Arabia. It is recorded by the chronicles that one of the person known as Ibn Dir, who was also the chief of al-Dir clan of Duru, which was belonging to Bani Hanifa tribe, was ruling this area. He had a vast fertile land in the valley, which he was not able to utilize completely due to lack of thin population of his clan. Therefore, he invited another clan of the same Banu Hanifa tribe to settle down on the fertile area of the Hanifa valley. Therefore, the clan named Murdah comes under the leadership of Mani al-Muraydi in 1446 A.D in Wadi Hanifa. IbnDir gave land for the cultivation to the clan in the Wadi Hanifa and the clan settled down. They were the ancestors of the Al-Saud family who established their first rule at Diriyyah.
The Masmak Fort
The Masmak Fort is one of the most important monuments in Saudi Arabia from where the modern Saudi History begins. It is an important historic landmark in the city of Riyadh. This palace was built during the reign of Abdullah bin Rashid in the year 1895 A.D. The reason for building this historic palace was to serve as military garrison for the Abdullah bin Rashid army who was operating under a Governor in Riyadh from the Hail. His Majesty King Abdulaziz on 15th January 1902 captured the fort.
Dira Souq is famous for its variety of old copper and brass objects including silver daggers, silver Beduins Jewelry and dresses. While entering from main access, one always smells sandal wood fragrance. Dira Souq is worth buying antique carpets and other useful Saudi heritage antiques.
King Abdulaziz Historical Center National Museum
The National Museum, which opened in Riyadh in 1999 to celebrate the centenary of Saudi unification, was the result of an international design competition. The primary custodian of the Saudi national heritage and culture, the Museum is a place of learning and discovery, designed to sing out with quiet excitement and inspiration, to kindle pride in the Arab heritage and reverence for Islam. This national Landmark is composed of eight galleries telling the complete story of Arabian History from the creation of the universe to our modern era.
Cost: SAR 300 (US$ 82) per person
Cost includes :
- A/C Transport.
- English speaking guide.
- Bottled water and snacks
- 15% VAT.
Not included in cost: Any Meals, Hotel Accommodation, Kingdom Tower ticket, Entrance Fees, tipping etc,